The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

With greater than 5,000 entries totaling over one million phrases, this is often the main accomplished and authoritative dictionary of Buddhism ever produced in English. it's also the 1st to hide phrases from all the canonical Buddhist languages and traditions: Sanskrit, Pali, Tibetan, chinese language, eastern, and Korean. not like reference works that target a unmarried Buddhist language or college, The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism bridges the key Buddhist traditions to supply encyclopedic insurance of crucial phrases, ideas, texts, authors, deities, faculties, monasteries, and geographical websites from around the background of Buddhism. the most entries provide either a quick definition and a considerable brief essay at the broader which means and value of the time period lined. wide cross-references permit readers to discover comparable phrases and ideas. An appendix of Buddhist lists (for instance, the 4 noble truths and the thirty-two marks of the Buddha), a timeline, six maps, and diagrams also are included.

Written and edited by means of of contemporary most outstanding students of Buddhism, and greater than a decade within the making, this landmark paintings is an important reference for each scholar, pupil, or practitioner of Buddhism and for somebody else drawn to Asian faith, heritage, or philosophy.

  • The so much entire dictionary of Buddhism ever produced in English
  • More than 5,000 entries totaling over 1000000 words
  • The first dictionary to hide phrases from all the canonical Buddhist languages and traditions--Sanskrit, Pali, Tibetan, chinese language, eastern, and Korean
  • Detailed entries at the most vital phrases, options, texts, authors, deities, faculties, monasteries, and geographical websites within the heritage of Buddhism
  • Cross-references and appendixes that permit readers to discover similar phrases and search for similar phrases in a number of Buddhist languages
  • Includes a listing of Buddhist lists, a timeline, and maps
  • Also includes chosen phrases and names in Thai, Burmese, Vietnamese, Lao, Khmer, Sinhalese, Newar, and Mongolian

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GUANYIN) and MAHĀSTHĀMAPRĀPTA. See additionally JINGTU SANSHENG; WANGSHENG. Amitābhasūtra. (C. Amituo jing; J. Amidakyō; okay. Amit’a kyŏng 阿彌陀經). the preferred identify for the “shorter” or “smaller” model of the SUKHĀVATĪVYŪHASŪTRA, one of many 3 major texts of the natural LAND culture of East Asia. See SUKHĀVATĪVYŪHASŪTRA. Amitāyus. (T. Tshe dpag med; C. Wuliangshou fo; J. Muryōju butsu; okay. Muryangsu pul 無量壽佛). In Sanskrit, the buddha or bodhisattva of “Limitless lifestyles” or “Infinite Lifespan. ” even supposing the identify initially was once synonymous with AMITĀBHA, within the tantric traditions, Amitāyus has constructed distinguishing features and is now occasionally thought of to be an autonomous type of Amitābha. the japanese SHINGON college, for instance, makes use of Muryōju in representations of the TAIZŌKAI (garbhadhātumaṇḍala) and Amida (Amitābha) within the KONGŌKAI (vajradhātumaṇḍala). Amitāyus is usually imperative in tantric ceremonies for prolonging existence and so has various kinds and appellations in quite a few groupings, corresponding to certainly one of six and one in all 9. he's proven in bodhisattva guise, with crown and jewels, sitting in DHYĀNĀSANA with either palms in DHYĀNAMUDRĀ and keeping a water pot (kalaśa) choked with AMṚTA (here the nectar of lengthy life); like Amitābha, he's frequently pink. Amituo jingtu bian. (阿彌陀淨土變). In chinese language, “transformation tableaux of the natural LAND of AMITĀBHA Buddha,” pictorial representations of Amitābha Buddha and his natural land of SUKHĀVATĪ. mostly in colours and infrequently held on the western wall of a few natural land monasteries, those complicated illustrations have been more often than not created as MAṆḌALA, visible vitamins to public preaching, or as visualization aids for individuals on their deathbed purpose on being reborn into the natural land. The illustrations themselves—viz. , Amitābha Buddha together with his flanking bodhisattvas AVALOKITEŚVARA and MAHĀSTHĀMAPRĀPTA (see JINGTU SANSHENG), his celestial entourage, jeweled bushes, making a song birds, lotus pond, and palatial buildings—are often rendered in East Asian creative sort and are in response to the best way sukhāvatī is defined in natural land texts equivalent to the GUAN WULIANGSHOU JING (“Sūtra at the Contemplation of the Buddha of Immeasurable Life”). See additionally JINGTU BIAN, BIANXIANG, and DIYU BIAN. Amituo jiupin yin. (J. Amida kuhon’in; okay. Amit’a kup’um in 阿彌陀九品印). In chinese language, lit. “the nine-levels gesture of AMITĀBHA”; in East Asian Buddhist iconography, the targeted gesture (MUDRĀ) linked to photos of Amitābha Buddha, whose western paradise of SUKHĀVATĪ is related to have 9 degrees during which devotees move within the technique of reaching enlightenment. The gesture is shaped with the index finger and thumbs of either arms touching one another, with one hand regularly raised within the air. Amoghapāśa (Lokeśvara). (T. Don yod zhags pa; C. Bukong Juansuo; J. Fukū Kenjaku; okay. Pulgong Kyŏnsak 不空羂索). a well-liked tantric kind of AVALOKITEŚVARA, basically distinctive by way of his preserving of a snare (pāśa); his identify is interpreted as “Lokeśvara with the unfailing snare. ” Like Avalokiteśvara, he's worshipped as a savior of beings, his snare understood to be the capacity in which he rescues devotees.

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