Darwin's Conjecture: The Search for General Principles of Social and Economic Evolution

Of paramount value to the average sciences, the foundations of Darwinism, which contain version, inheritance, and choice, are more and more of curiosity to social scientists in addition. yet nobody has supplied a really rigorous account of ways the rules practice to the evolution of human society—until now.

In Darwin’s Conjecture, Geoffrey Hodgson and Thorbjørn Knudsen show how the British naturalist’s middle options follow to quite a lot of phenomena, together with company practices, criminal platforms, know-how, or even technology itself. in addition they critique a few fashionable objections to employing Darwin to social technological know-how, arguing that finally Darwinism features as a normal theoretical framework for exciting additional inquiry. Social scientists who undertake a Darwinian process, they contend, can then use it to border and aid enhance new explanatory theories and predictive models.

This really pathbreaking workat lengthy final makes the strong conceptual instruments of Darwin to be had to the social sciences and may be welcomed by way of students and scholars from a number disciplines.

Show description

Continue reading

Beasts: What Animals Can Teach Us About the Origins of Good and Evil

By Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson

In his prior bestsellers, Masson has confirmed us that animals can train us a lot approximately our personal emotions--love (dogs), contentment (cats), and grief (elephants), between others. In Beasts, he demonstrates that the violence we understand within the "wild" is an issue of projection.

Animals predators kill to outlive, yet animal aggression isn't really even remotely reminiscent of the violence of mankind. people are the main violent animals to our personal type in lifestyles. We lack what all different animals have: a money at the aggression that might wreck the species instead of serve it. In Beasts, Masson brings to existence the richness of the animal international and strips away our misconceptions of the creatures we worry, supplying a strong and compelling examine our uniquely human propensity towards aggression.

Show description

Continue reading

This Land Is Their Land: Reports from a Divided Nation

By Barbara Ehrenreich

America within the 'aughts―hilariously skewered, brilliantly dissected, and darkly clinically determined through one of many country's so much well known social critics

Now in paperback, Barbara Ehrenreich's generally acclaimed This Land Is Their Land takes the degree of what we're left with after the harshest decade in reminiscence and unearths lurid extremes throughout. whereas contributors of the moneyed elite have obtained up congressmen, many within the operating type can slightly purchase lunch. whereas a filthy rich minority obsessively consumes plastic surgery, the terrible frequently move with no healthiness take care of their kids. And whereas the Masters of the Universe have thrown themselves into the on line casino economic system, the fewer lucky were fed a vitamin of morality, marriage, and abstinence. With excellent satiric pitch, Ehrenreich finds a rustic scarred via deepening inequality, corroded via mistrust, and shamed by way of its professional cruelty.

Full of wit and generosity, those experiences from a divided nation―including new and unpublished essays―confirm once more that Ehrenreich is, because the San Francisco Chronicle declares, "essential reading."

Show description

Continue reading

Pranksters: Making Mischief in the Modern World

By Kembrew McLeod

From Benjamin Franklin's newspaper hoax that faked the demise of his rival to Abbie Hoffman’s try and levitate the Pentagon, pranksters, hoaxers, and con artists have brought on confusion, affliction, and laughter in Western society for hundreds of years. Profiling the main infamous mischief makers from the 1600s to the current day, Pranksters explores how “pranks” are a part of a protracted culture of talking fact to strength and social critique.

Invoking such old and modern figures as P.T. Barnum, Jonathan fast, WITCH, The definite males, and Stephen Colbert, Kembrew McLeod exhibits how staged spectacles that stability the intense and funny can spark vital public conversations. In a few circumstances, tricksters have incited social swap (and unlucky prank blowback) through manipulating quite a few sorts of media, from newspapers to YouTube. for instance, within the Nineteen Sixties, self-proclaimed “professional hoaxer” Alan Abel lampooned America’s hypocritical sexual mores by utilizing conservative rhetoric to idiot the inside track media into masking a satirical association that encouraged garments bare animals. within the Nineteen Nineties, Sub Pop files then-receptionist Megan Jasper satirized the commodification of different tune tradition through pranking the New York Times into reporting on her pretend lexicon of “grunge speak.” all through this booklet, McLeod exhibits how pranks interrupt the day-by-day movement of licensed details and information, utilizing humor to underscore better, pointed truths.

Written in an available, story-driven kind, Pranksters finds how mischief makers have left their surprising, exciting, and academic mark on glossy political and social life.

Show description

Continue reading

A Sociology of the Absurd (2nd Edition)

By Stanford M. Lyman, Marvin B. Scott

This paintings offers a crystallization and particularization of a college of sociological considering variously known as "creative sociology," "existential sociology," "phenomenological sociology," "conflict theory," and "dramaturgical analysis." the result's a methodological synthesis of the "dual" visions of Erving Goffman and Harold Garfinkel.
This booklet equips the reader with a framework for supplying enough descriptions of these face-to-face encounters that make up lifestyle. This variation contains essays now not present in the 1st variation, in addition to a brand new advent that locates it within the spectrum of latest theorizing.

Show description

Continue reading

He's a Stud, She's a Slut, and 49 Other Double Standards Every Woman Should Know

By Jessica Valenti

Double criteria are not anything new. ladies take care of them on a daily basis. Take the typical truism that girls who sleep round are sluts whereas males are studs. Why is it that males develop individual and sexily grey as they age whereas girls simply get dishevelled and haggard? have you puzzled how a tender lady is meant to either virginal and provocatively attractive whilst? Isn’t it unfair that operating mothers are categorised “bad” for targeting their careers whereas we shake our heads in disbelief once we listen concerning the occasional stay-at-home dad?

In He's a Stud, She's a Slut, and forty nine different Double criteria each lady may still Know, Jessica Valenti, writer of Full Frontal Feminism, calls out the double criteria that have an effect on each girl. no matter if Jessica is stating the salary incomes discrepancies among women and men or revealing the entire areas that ladies nonetheless aren’t equivalent to their male counterparts—be it within the place of work, court docket, bed room, or home—she keeps her signature wittily sarcastic tone. With sass, humor, and in-your-face evidence, this publication informs and equips girls with the instruments they should wrestle sexist reviews, topple ridiculous stereotypes (girls aren’t solid at math?), and finish the

Show description

Continue reading

Folk Devils and Moral Panics (Routledge Classics)

By Stanley Cohen

'Richly documented and convincingly awarded' -- New Society

Mods and Rockers, skinheads, video nasties, fashion designer medicinal drugs, bogus asylum seeks and hoodies. each period has its personal ethical panics. It used to be Stanley Cohen’s vintage account, first released within the early Seventies and frequently revised, that introduced the time period ‘moral panic’ into frequent dialogue. it truly is a great research of how within which the media and sometimes these ready of political energy outline a situation, or staff, as a hazard to societal values and pursuits. Fanned by way of screaming media headlines, Cohen brilliantly demonstrates how this results in such teams being marginalised and vilified within the well known mind's eye, inhibiting rational debate approximately options to the social difficulties such teams signify. additionally, he argues that ethical panics pass even additional by way of determining the very fault traces of strength in society.

Full of sharp perception and research, Folk Devils and ethical Panics is vital examining for somebody eager to comprehend this robust and enduring phenomenon.

Professor Stanley Cohen is Emeritus Professor of Sociology on the London institution of Economics. He acquired the Sellin-Glueck Award of the yank Society of Criminology (1985) and is at the Board of the overseas Council on Human Rights. he's a member of the British Academy.

Show description

Continue reading

At Day's Close: Night in Times Past

By A. Roger Ekirch

Bringing gentle to the shadows of historical past via a "rich weave of quotation and archival evidence" (Publishers Weekly), student A. Roger Ekirch illuminates the elements of existence typically missed by means of different historians—those that spread at evening.

In this "triumph of social history" (Mail on Sunday), Ekirch's "enthralling anthropology" (Harper's) exposes the nightlife that spawned a different tradition and a safe haven from day-by-day life.

Fear of crime, of fireside, and of the supernatural; the significance of moonlight; the elevated prevalence of ailment and loss of life at evening; night gatherings to spin wool and tales; masqued balls; motels, taverns, and brothels; the innovations of thieves, assassins, and conspirators; the protecting makes use of of incantations, meditations, and prayers; the character of our predecessors' sleep and dreams—Ekirch finds these types of and extra in his "monumental study" (The Nation) of sociocultural historical past, "maintaining all through an infectious feel of wonder" (Booklist).

Show description

Continue reading

Diasporas

Coined within the 3rd century B.C., the time period diaspora has advanced right into a buzzword used to explain the migrations of teams as different as ethnic populations, non secular groups, or even engineers operating out of the country. This concise booklet offers a serious advent to the idea that of diaspora, bringing a clean, man made standpoint to almost all facets of this subject. Stéphane Dufoix includes a wealth of case studies—about the Jewish, Armenian, African, chinese language, Greek, and Indian reports— to demonstrate key ideas, provide a transparent assessment on present pondering, and re-evaluate the worth of the time period for us today.

Show description

Continue reading