By Shlomo Izre'el
Throughout the moment millenium BCE, Akkadian served because the lingua franca of the traditional close to East. an intensive physique of epistolographic texts written during this language was once found at inform el-Amarna, the trendy identify for the traditional seat of presidency of the Egyptian Pharaoh Amenophis IV (Akhenaton). the vast majority of the Amarna letters have been despatched to Egypt by way of the rulers of Canaanite towns which, on the time, have been a part of the Egyptian empire. whereas the traditional language of correspondence used to be nominally Akkadian, by way of the Amarna interval, i.e., the 14th century BCE, the Canaanite management had constructed one of those combined language. This language, or quite, linguistic continuum comprising many sorts, used to be dependent upon the lexicon of Akkadian, with critical structural interference from the scribes' basic languages, i.e., the spectrum of West Semitic dialects spoken in Canaan. because of this language touch, all degrees of the linguistic constitution have been affected, in particular within the domain names of syntax and morphology, making a marked similarity among this combined Canaano-Akkadian diplomatic language and the indigenous West Semitic Canaanite dialects. given that we don't own any titanic written list of the Canaanite dialects ahead of the 1st millennium BCE, the Amarna letters from Canaan are our purely resource of data concerning the linguistic constitution of the dialects spoken in Canaan within the moment millenium BCE. The Amarna letters yield linguistic, sociolinguistic and linguistic-cultural fabric that predates either Phoenician and Hebrew as we all know them from the written documents of the 1st millenium BCE. The survey provided in LW/M, which sketches a concise version of the linguistic process embodied by way of this corpus, lays precise rigidity at the interference among Akkadian and the West Semitic languages, which led to the Canaano-Akkadian combined languages and linguistic types.