Canaano-Akkadian

By Shlomo Izre'el

Throughout the moment millenium BCE, Akkadian served because the lingua franca of the traditional close to East. an intensive physique of epistolographic texts written during this language was once found at inform el-Amarna, the trendy identify for the traditional seat of presidency of the Egyptian Pharaoh Amenophis IV (Akhenaton). the vast majority of the Amarna letters have been despatched to Egypt by way of the rulers of Canaanite towns which, on the time, have been a part of the Egyptian empire. whereas the traditional language of correspondence used to be nominally Akkadian, by way of the Amarna interval, i.e., the 14th century BCE, the Canaanite management had constructed one of those combined language. This language, or quite, linguistic continuum comprising many sorts, used to be dependent upon the lexicon of Akkadian, with critical structural interference from the scribes' basic languages, i.e., the spectrum of West Semitic dialects spoken in Canaan. because of this language touch, all degrees of the linguistic constitution have been affected, in particular within the domain names of syntax and morphology, making a marked similarity among this combined Canaano-Akkadian diplomatic language and the indigenous West Semitic Canaanite dialects. given that we don't own any titanic written list of the Canaanite dialects ahead of the 1st millennium BCE, the Amarna letters from Canaan are our purely resource of data concerning the linguistic constitution of the dialects spoken in Canaan within the moment millenium BCE. The Amarna letters yield linguistic, sociolinguistic and linguistic-cultural fabric that predates either Phoenician and Hebrew as we all know them from the written documents of the 1st millenium BCE. The survey provided in LW/M, which sketches a concise version of the linguistic process embodied by way of this corpus, lays precise rigidity at the interference among Akkadian and the West Semitic languages, which led to the Canaano-Akkadian combined languages and linguistic types.

Show description

Continue reading

The Experience of the Foreign: Culture and Translation in Romantic Germany (Suny Series, Intersections: Philosophy and Critical Theory)

By Antoine Berman

"This ebook is the 1st authoritative research of the idea of translation in German Romanticism. In a scientific research of Herder, Goethe, Schlegel, Novalis, Humboldt, Schleiermacher, and Holderlin, Berman demonstrates the significance of the idea of translation for an knowing of German romantic tradition, arguing that by no means earlier than has the idea that of translation been contemplated in such element and such intensity. certainly, primary questions that come up back this day, equivalent to the query about the right as opposed to the literal, of the opposite to a given tradition, the essence of the murals, and of language, these kind of matters, and lots of extra, are proven to were premeditated in a most crucial demeanour by way of those German Romantics.

"Not purely does this publication familiarize the yankee public with a convention that through the English Romantics has had a decisive effect on American considering, however it is additionally a most crucial contribution to various present theoretical problems." -- Rodolphe Gasche, nation collage of latest York at Buffalo

"In the interval studied (from Herder to Holderlin, from approximately the 1760s to the 1810s), the 'best and the brightest' of German literature and philosophy concept frequently and difficult approximately translation and practiced it with occasionally amazing or even everlasting luck. Berman brings out not just the continuity of the matter and the different diverse techniques to its 'solution' in the course of those 50 or so years, but in addition the kin among German romantic concept and perform of translation and their predecessor Luther at the one hand, and our modern 'international' state of affairs at the different. He makes the subject vital to the background of principles and to modern tradition as well." -- Timothy Bahti, The college of Michigan

Show description

Continue reading

The Chomsky-Foucault Debate: On Human Nature

By Noam Chomsky, Michel Foucault

of the 20 th century's so much influential thinkers debate a perennial question.

In 1971, on the top of the Vietnam warfare and at a time of serious political and social instability, of the world's major intellectuals, Noam Chomsky and Michel Foucault, have been invited through Dutch thinker Fons Edlers to discuss an age-old query: is there one of these factor as "innate" human nature self reliant of our reviews and exterior influences?

The ensuing discussion is likely one of the most unusual, provocative, and spontaneous exchanges to have happened among modern philosophers, and specially serves as a concise advent to their easy theories. What starts as a philosophical argument rooted in linguistics (Chomsky) and the idea of information (Foucault), quickly evolves right into a broader dialogue encompassing quite a lot of subject matters, from technological know-how, heritage, and behaviorism to creativity, freedom, and the fight for justice within the realm of politics.

In addition to the controversy itself, this quantity incorporates a newly written advent through famous Foucault pupil John Rajchman and comprises extra textual content via Noam Chomsky.

Show description

Continue reading

Red Herrings and White Elephants: The Origins of the Phrases We Use Every Day

By Albert Jack

Mad hatter . . . pie within the sky . . . egg in your face. We use those words each day, but what number people understand what they honestly suggest or the place they got here from?

From bringing domestic the bacon to leaving no stone unturned, the English language is peppered with thousands of universal idioms borrowed from old traditions and civilizations during the international. In Red Herrings and White Elephants, Albert Jack has exposed the fantastic and infrequently downright strange tales in the back of a lot of our such a lot ordinary and kooky modes of expression:

If you occur to be a bootlegger, your occupation remembers the Wild West outlaws who bought unlawful alcohol by way of concealing narrow bottles of whiskey of their boots. if you are on cloud nine, you owe a nod to the yankee climate Bureau's category of clouds, the 9th topping out all others at a mountainous 40,000 toes. in case you choose the hair of the dog the morning after, you are following the recommendation of medieval English medical professionals, who urged rubbing the hair of a puppy into the wound left by means of the animal's bite.

A pleasant compendium of anecdotes on every little thing from minding your p's and q's to pulling out the entire stops, Red Herrings and White Elephants is an important instruction manual for language-lovers of all ages.

Show description

Continue reading

The Arabic Language and National Identity: A Study in Ideology

By Yasir Suleiman

"A very important addition to classes on Arab nationalism, nationalism in most cases, and Arabic linguistics." - Professor Clive Holes FBA, Professor for the examine of the modern Arab international, collage of Oxford

"Masterfully combines his profound familiarity with the Arabic literature, the never-ending literature on nationalist ideology, and the very great sociolinguistic literature on language and ethnic identity."
- Professor Joshua Fishman, exclusive college learn Professor of Social Sciences, Emeritus, Yeshiva University

'This compelling and well timed learn of Arabic tradition, language, heritage, and nationalism by means of extraordinary Arabic linguist Yasir Suleiman permits English-speaking audiences an inside of view of key concerns in knowing the Arab international. in line with Suleiman's vast study in Arabic language and society, the publication is scholarly yet no longer pedantic, and may entice quite a lot of readers."
- Karin C. Ryding, Sultan Qaboos bin stated Professor of Arabic, Georgetown collage Prizewinner, British-Kuwait Friendship Society Prize in heart jap stories 2004

A clean point of view on nationalism within the Arab heart East, investigating the interplay among language and nationalist ideology. It covers either communicative and symbolic features of the language with regards to cultural and political nationalism and the articulation of nationwide identification.

Includes:

*The Arab prior (the interpretation and reinvention of culture and myth-making)
*The conflict among Arab and Turkish cultural nationalism within the nineteenth and early twentieth century
*Readings of canonical treatises on Arab cultural nationalism
*A examine of the key ideological developments linking language to territorial nationalism
*A study time table for the examine of language and nationalism within the Arab context

This is the 1st full-scale research of this crucial subject and should be of curiosity to scholars of nationalism, Arab and comparative politics, Arabic experiences, background, cultural reviews and sociolinguistics.

Show description

Continue reading

The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Fieldwork (Oxford Handbooks)

This e-book bargains a state of the art consultant to linguistic fieldwork, reflecting its collaborative nature around the subfields of linguistics and disciplines equivalent to astronomy, anthropology, biology, musicology, and ethnography. skilled students and fieldworkers clarify the tools and techniques had to comprehend a language in its complete cultural context and to rfile it accessibly and enduringly. they give thought to the applying of recent technological techniques to recording and documentation, yet by no means lose sight of the the most important dating among topic and researcher. The e-book is well timed: an elevated expertise of demise languages and vanishing dialects has encouraged the impetus for recording them in addition to the cash required to take action. The guide is an quintessential resource, consultant, and reference for everybody desirous about linguistic and cultural fieldwork.

Show description

Continue reading

Analysing Sociolinguistic Variation (Key Topics in Sociolinguistics)

The learn of ways language varies in social context, and the way it may be analyzed and accounted for, are the most important ambitions of sociolinguistics. previously, although, the particular instruments and techniques were principally handed on via 'word of mouth', instead of being officially documented. this is often the 1st accomplished 'how to' consultant to the formal research of sociolinguistic version. It exhibits step by step how the research is performed, top the reader via each level of a examine undertaking from begin to end. subject matters coated contain fieldwork, facts association and administration, research and interpretation, providing examine effects, and writing up a paper. useful and casual, the ebook comprises all of the info had to behavior a fully-fledged sociolinguistic research, and contains workouts, checklists, references and insider suggestions. it truly is set to turn into a necessary source for college students, researchers and fieldworkers embarking on examine tasks in sociolinguistics.

Show description

Continue reading

Through the Language Glass: Why the World Looks Different in Other Languages

By Guy Deutscher

A big apple Times Editor's Choice
An Economist most sensible ebook of 2010
A monetary Times most sensible e-book of 2010
A Library Journal top ebook of 2010

The debate is a while previous: the place does language come from? Is it an artifact of our tradition or written in our very DNA? in recent times, the prime linguists have possible settled the difficulty: all languages are essentially a similar and the actual language we converse doesn't form our considering in any major method. man Deutscher says they're mistaken. From Homer to Darwin, from Yale to the Amazon, and during a wierd and amazing historical past of the colour blue, Deutscher argues that our mom tongues do certainly form our stories of the realm. Audacious, pleasant, and provocative, Through the Language Glass is destined to develop into a vintage of highbrow discovery.

Show description

Continue reading

Language and Symbolic Power

By Pierre Bourdieu

This quantity brings jointly Pierre Bourdieu’s hugely unique writings on language and at the family members between language, energy, and politics. Bourdieu develops a forceful critique of conventional ways to language, together with the linguistic theories of Saussure and Chomsky and the speculation of speech-acts elaborated through Austin and others. He argues that language might be seen not just as a way of conversation but in addition as a medium of strength wherein members pursue their very own pursuits and reveal their sensible competence.

Drawing at the techniques which are a part of his unique theoretical method, Bourdieu keeps that linguistic utterances or expressions should be understood because the manufactured from the relation among a “linguistic marketplace” and a “linguistic habitus.” whilst participants use language particularly methods, they installation their amassed linguistic assets and implicitly adapt their phrases to the calls for of the social box or marketplace that's their viewers. therefore each linguistic interplay, besides the fact that own or insignificant it may possibly look, bears the lines of the social constitution that it either expresses and is helping to reproduce.

Bourdieu’s account sheds clean gentle at the ways that linguistic utilization varies in response to concerns similar to type and gender. It additionally opens up a brand new method of the ways that language is utilized in the area of politics. For politics is, between different issues, the world during which phrases are deeds and the symbolic personality of strength is at stake.

This quantity, via one of many major social thinkers on this planet at the present time, represents a massive contribution to the examine of language and tool. it will likely be of curiosity to scholars during the social sciences and arts, specially in sociology, politics, anthropology, linguistics, and literature.

Show description

Continue reading

Les mots ont un sexe

By Marina Yaguello

L. a. langue est-elle machiste ? Pourquoi certains noms comme orateur ou syndic sont-ils privés de féminin ? Faut-il modifier le style des mots par attachement à l'égalité des sexes ? C'est à toutes ces questions et bien d'autres que Marina Yaguello répond, de façon érudite mais jamais pédante, fidèle à son credo selon lequel los angeles linguistique n'est pas qu'une affaire de spécialistes.

Show description

Continue reading