Buddhism, Critical Concepts in Religious Studies, Volume 1

By Paul Williams

From a box essentially of curiosity to expert orientalists, the examine of Buddhism has built to embody inter alia, theology and non secular reports, philosophy, cultural stories, anthropology and comparative reports. there's now higher direct entry to Buddhism within the West than ever ahead of, and Buddhist stories are attracting expanding numbers of students.

This eight-volume set brings jointly seminal papers in Buddhist stories from an unlimited diversity of educational disciplines, released during the last 40 years. With a brand new advent by way of the editor, this assortment is a special and unrivalled examine source for either pupil and scholar.

Acknowledgements XVI
Chronological desk of reprinted articles and chapters x1x
General creation xxix
1 los angeles development et le culte des stiipa d'apres les Vinayapi{aka 1
2 Asoka and Buddhism - a re-examination
3 The date of the Buddha reconsidered
4 at the very notion of the Pali Canon
5 Pali oral literature
6 The courting of the ancient Buddha: a evaluation article
7 getting better the Buddha's message
8 The Buddha's publication of Genesis? 129
9 aiding the lifeless via venerating the dwelling: advantage move in
the early Buddhist culture 147
10 fiddling with hearth: the prafityasamutpiida from the perspective
of Vedic proposal 169
11 The evaluate of textual authenticity in Buddhism 188
12 The overview of textual interpretation in Buddhism 199
13 non secular suicide in early Buddhism 214
14 A evaluation of scholarship at the Buddhist Councils 224
15 Theories about the Skandhaka: an appraisal 244
16 The Pratimok~a puzzle: truth as opposed to fable 257
17 Nuns, laywomen, donors, goddesses: lady roles in early
Indian Buddhism 272

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On ne sait capture remark interpreter: :fr ~ t~- tliJ -pg. , que swimsuit Ia observe explicative suivante : « Un cri [portant a] huit mille pieds et quatre lieues (yojana) » [T. 1464, p. 898 a]. los angeles be aware se rapporte manifestement aux deux derniers caracteres, kiu-chou, qui representeraient alors une translitteration du terme sanskrit krosa, ce qui est assez surprenant dans los angeles description d'un stiipa. Si l'on ne tient pas compte de cette word, visiblement interpolee comme le montre clairement ! 'edition de Taisho Issaikyo, on peut rendre beaucoup mieux kiu-chou par ko8a « etui, fourreau, boite, caisse, magasin, tresor ». Ce kiu-chou = ko8a serait notre (( urne a joyaux)) dont le nom sankrit pourrait etre, plus completement, ratnako8a. Les quatre premiers caracteres, k'iu-ngan-nai-yi, peuvent rendre un terme indien, sanskrit ou plut6t prakrit, tel que *guhanayz, derive de Ia racine GUH « cacher », et qui completerait le sens de kosa : il s'agirait d'une urne dans laquelle seraient caches des joyaux; ou bien faut-il distinguer l'urne (ko8a) de Ia cachette (*guhanayl) qui peut, alors, renfermer les reliques? Tout cela demeure bien conjectural, il faut l'avouer. 7° los angeles barriere. - Cette barriere (1M t! li), balustrade ou palissade, entoure completement le soubassement du stiipa des Mahasaitghika (T. 1425, p. 497 c et 498 a). Les Mahisasaka nous disent seulement qu'elle est placee a l'exterieur (:. liB~) du monument, ce dont nous aurions pu nous douter (T. 1421, p. 173 a). D'apres les Dharmaguptaka, elle est placee sur les quatre cotes (T. 1428, p. 956 c). Selon les Sarvastivadin, on los angeles position devant les partes (? 1M) du stiipa et tout autour (ffll !!! I) [T. 1435, p. 351 c ], ce qui fait penser aux partes a chicane du grand stiipa de Saiichi, par exemple. los angeles principale fonction de cette barriere est d'empecher les animaux, vaches, moutons, chevaux, chiens, antilopes, de penetrer sur le terrain du stiipa et de le souiller. Tel est ! 'avis des Dharmaguptaka, des Sarvastivadin et des Mahasanghika, ces derniers accusant les chiens d'apporter des morceaux de nine EARLY historical past IN SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST ASIA cadavres, objets particulierement impurs, pris sur un chamier voisin (T. 1425, p. 498 a; T. 1428. p. 956 c et 957 c; T. 1435, p. 351 c). Notons que les vaches sont citees comme reason de souillure a Ia fois par les Dharmaguptaka et les Sarvastivadin. Les premiers mentionnent encore un utilization de Ia barriere : on peut deposer des fleurs et des parfums sur le dessus (T. 1428, p. 956 c), ce qui laisse supposer que le dessus etait plat, horizontal et assez huge. Les Dharmaguptaka et les Mahasanghika semblent distinguer de Ia barriere le mur (~ lit, :t] ~). qui sert plus particulierement a empecher I'intrusion des animaux impurs sur le terrain du st{ipa (T. 1428, p. 956 c; T. 1425, p. 498 a). On peut supposer que ce mur doublait, dans ce cas, Ia barriere a I' exterieur. Les Dharmaguptaka sont les seuls a mentionner les portes pratiquees dans cette cloture, mur ou barriere, mais I' life de celles-ci est evidente, et amplement attestee par les files archeologiques.

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